• Holland Garden
  • Holland Garden
  • Holland Garden
  • Holland Garden
  • Holland Garden

Holland Garden Horticultural Expo


Inter­na­tional Hor­ti­cul­tural Exhi­bi­tion Xi’an 2011



Com­mence­ment | Completion

2010 | 2011

Floor Space

300 m2 pavil­ion, 2.700 m2 landscape

In Col­lab­o­ra­tion With

Ate­lier Dutch


Gold Design­ing Award
Gold Water­scape Award



We have been invited to design the Hol­land Gar­den at the com­ing Xi’an Inter­na­tional Hor­ti­cul­tural Expo­si­tion 2011 Xi’an. In response to cli­matic changes, the aim of the Hol­land Gar­den is to acknowl­edge the need for an urban envi­ron­ment within an eco­log­i­cal set­ting. It serves as a model for the Chan-Ba Eco­log­i­cal Dis­trict development.

This eco-city gar­den is rep­re­sen­ta­tive of a typ­i­cal Dutch land­scape with orthag­o­nal plan­ta­tion strips dis­play­ing tra­di­tional flora. The pri­mary con­cept uti­lizes the cir­cu­la­tion of water embody­ing the notion of a con­tin­u­ous life-cycle. The water cir­cu­lates from the top of the land­scape through the Eco-Pavilion and using a lev­ada water sys­tem, mean­ders through the gar­den to the Flower-Folly struc­ture before being pumped up and re-cycled.

The Eco-Pavilion uses the water sys­tem to ser­vice the design in addi­tion to pro­vid­ing an aes­thetic fea­ture. The pavil­ion sits on an earthquake-resistant water basin and gen­er­ates energy through the use of wind­mills to cir­cu­late water, solar power on the green­houses, geo– aqua ther­mal heat sys­tem and kinetic tiles.

The pavil­ion acts as con­tin­ual path sit­u­ated within the flo­ral con­text of the land­scape. It appears as an ele­vated strip of land merg­ing with the nat­ural sur­round­ings with its bam­boo mate­ri­al­ity, veg­e­ta­tion and free-flowing water. The audi­ence cir­cu­late through the pavil­ion, they expe­ri­ence and can learn about the envi­ron­men­tal processes that ser­vice the pavil­ion. They then fol­low the path of the water down through the Hol­land Eco Gar­den lead­ing to the Flower-Folly struc­ture. Once arrived at the flower pavil­ion, free stand­ing in the water, the path is spi­ralling up through the pavil­ion. Once arrived at the top a belvedere is show­ing the vis­i­tors a beau­ti­ful view over the hor­ti­cul­tural expo.

At the Flower pavil­ion func­tion­al­ity is replaced by a more metaphor­i­cal approach. The design is the out­come of an arti­fi­cial evo­lu­tion cre­ated by an algo­rithm in which there is a morf between the out­line of the city of Xi’an and Hol­land. By doing so the pavil­ion sym­bol­izes the meet­ing of our cul­tures. In cre­at­ing this shape the pavil­ion also refers to an arti­fi­cial flower empha­siz­ing the ever increas­ing rela­tion between agri­cul­ture and tech­nol­ogy. The con­struc­tion of the flower pavil­ion is sim­i­lar to a pre­vi­ous project by Archipelon­twer­pers, the Ball Gown in The Hague as can be seen in the Octo­ber 2008 issue of Inte­rior Archi­tec­ture of China.

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